Paré, Ambroise

Paré, Ambroise
SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
b. 1510 Laval, Maine, France
d. 20 December 1590 Paris, France
French physician, surgeon and anatomist recognized as the founder of the rational approach to the practice of surgery and the treatment of wounds.
After a barber-surgeon apprenticeship in Paris, Paré was appointed Resident Surgeon to the Hôtel-Dieu in 1533. From 1537 he served as a military surgeon in the Wars of Religion under Henri II, François II, Charles IX and Henri III. His immense experience of battlefield surgery led him to initiate new treatments of wounds and amputations, replacing the destructive and infecting procedures then practised. His first book, published in 1549, advocated the use of simple ointments and ligatures for amputations.
During the following years he experienced many adventures and vicissitudes and survived the St Bartholomew's Day massacre probably as a result of royal intervention. His numerous surgical and anatomical discoveries and innovations appeared in two major sets of works published in 1564 and 1572. In 1574 he was appointed premier chirurgien, conseiller et valet-de-chambre to Henri II, and a further collection of writings was published in 1575.
His attempts to unite French surgeons under his leadership were consistently opposed by the Faculty of Physicians, who not only objected to his writing in French rather than Latin, but also to his refutation of such therapies as "mummies and unicorn's horn".
Of his many contributions to medicine, his insistence on rational treatments is outstanding, and two aphorisms are representative: "Then I resolved never again to so cruelly burn the poor wounded by gunshot"; "I removed the stone but God cured the patient".
1564, Dix livres de chirurgerie, Paris. 1572, Cinq livres de chirurgerie, Paris.
1575, Les Oeuvres de M.Ambroise Paré, Paris.
Further Reading
T.Johnson, 1649, The Works of That Famous Chirurgien Ambroise Parey, London.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paré Ambroise — Ambroise Paré Ambroise Paré Ambroise Paré, né vers 1510 au Bourg Hersent, près de Laval et mort le 20 décembre 1590 à Paris, fut un chirurgien et anatomiste français. Ambroise Paré est le chi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paré, Ambroise — Cirujano francés nacido en 1509. Su carrera como médico empezó como cirujano militar, lo que le llevó a escribir el libro Método para tratar las heridas por arcabuz y otras armas de fuego. Puede considerarse el padre de la cirugía moderna y sus… …   Diccionario médico

  • PARE Ambroise — (1509 1590) (retrato) [véase]: médico cirujano francés renacentista que introdujo numerosos avances en el tratamiento de heridas e introdujo la prótesis de miembros amputados. Fué el primero en abandonar el… …   Diccionario médico

  • PARÉ Ambroise — (1509 1590) (retrato) [véase]: médico cirujano francés renacentista que introdujo numerosos avances en el tratamiento de heridas e introdujo la prótesis de miembros amputados. Fué el primero en abandonar el… …   Diccionario médico

  • Paré, Ambroise — • French surgeon (1517 1590) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PARE, Ambroise — (c. 1510 1590) Ambroise Pare was a French physician whose exceptional contributions to the medical field have earned him current recognition as one of the fathers of modern surgery. Pare was born around 1510 in the village of Bourg Hersent,… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Paré, Ambroise — ► (1517? 90) Cirujano francés. Se le debe la ligadura de las arterias y venas en sustitución de la cauterización por el hierro candente después de la amputación, y un método para contener la hemorragia. Ha sido llamado padre de la cirugía moderna …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paré, Ambroise — born 1510, Bourg Hersent, France died Dec. 20, 1590, Paris French physician and surgeon. Employed as an army surgeon in 1537, Paré preferred measures less drastic than those of other surgeons at the time (whose techniques included castration in… …   Universalium

  • Paré, Ambroïse — (ca. 1509 1590)    French surgeon, known as an innovator in surgical treatment of wounds and also as the author of a large number of treatises on surgery, anatomy, and other medical top ics. Although trained by apprenticeship rather than by… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • PARÉ, AMBROISE —    great French surgeon, born at Laval; was from the improved methods he introduced in the treatment of surgical cases entitled to be called, as he has been, the father of modern surgery, for his success as an operator, in particular the tying of …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Paré — Paré, Ambroise …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”